Easter Islands Statues
Huge statues on Easter Island are one of the world’s mysteries. The mystery is how were these 600 or more greystone statues weighing from about 4 – 50 tons erected? Who erected them, and why?
Easter island is in the Pacific Ocean, with Chile to its east and Tahiti to the west.
This Island was discovered in 1722 on Easter Day by the Dutch.
The Tower of Pisa
The wonderful bell tower leans 16 feet from the perpendicular.
It is 183 feet high, built of marble; its walls at the base are 13 feet thick tapering to about 6 feet thick at the top. Fifteen columns support a range of semi-circular arches at the base and above this are 6 arcades each with 30 columns.
The architects of this monument were Bonamio and William of Innsbruck. This tower was not intended to lean but it assumed this position during the building period some time in 1174 A.D.
The famous mathematician, physicist and astronomer Galileo Galilei demonstrated his discovery of laws of falling bodies from this Leaning Tower of Pisa.
Mount Rushmore National Monument
Gutzon Borglum, the sculptor, thought of the memorial as a shrine to American Democracy, and the vast work was planned and supervised by him, financed by private contributions and money from Federal funds. Borglum reproduced the heads of four men: George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln and Theodore Roosevelt. Borglum marked out the colossal design on the rough granite face of the cliffs and dozens of workmen drilled the profiles. Lincoln, Borglum’s son completed this work after his death in 1941.
Great Sphinix of Giza, Eygpt
The Great Sphinx at Giza was built on the orders of the pharaoh Khafre in the 3rd millennium BC. In ancient Egypt, the sphinx was the symbol of royal power, and this statue was probably intended to be a portrait of Khafre. The Great Pyramid of Khufu is seen to the right of the Sphinx, and the Pyramid of Khafre to the left.
Taj Mahal, Agra, the most famous of all India's ancient buildings and a prime monument of Mughal art. It was built as the mausoleum of Arjumand Banu Bagam, known as Mumtaz Mahal (the Elect of the Palace), wife of Shah Jahan. She died in 1631, while on a military campaign with her husband.
The Taj Mahal took 20 years to construct: 20,000 men were said to have been involved in the project. The tomb itself, over 73 m (240 ft) high, is lavishly decorated with Koranic inscriptions and carved reliefs. It is raised on a square podium with a minaret at each corner. It is flanked by a mosque and the jawab, a building with no clear function other than the balancing of the composition. The great garden which prefaces the tomb is 300 m (1,000 ft) wide; it has a great pool at its centre and is entered through an imposing gate. Mosques and tombs of other, less-favoured wives cluster nearby. The cenotaphs of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan, who died in 1666, standing in a central octagonal hall, are elaborately carved and surrounded by a perforated screen of marble and semi-precious stones. The identity of the architect of the Taj Mahal is unknown, but some scholars have suggested that a Persian or Turkish designer may have been involved.
Statue of Liberty
The Statue of Liberty, originally called Liberty Enlightening the World, colossal statue on Liberty Island, formerly Bedloe's Island, located in the harbour of New York. The statue, the island, and nearby Ellis Island were declared a national monument in 1924. The statue symbolizing liberty is in the form of a woman wearing flowing robes and a spiked crown who holds a torch aloft in her right hand and carries in her left a book inscribed “July 4, 1776”; broken chains, symbolizing the overthrow of tyranny, lie at her feet. Designed by the French sculptor Frédéric Bartholdi, the statue was given by France to the United States to commemorate the centennial of US independence in 1876. France raised funds by popular subscription to pay for the statue; US donors financed the pedestal and installation of the monument. The work was dedicated by President Grover Cleveland on October 28, 1886.
The statue, formed of copper sheets riveted to an iron framework, is one of the largest in the world. It measures 93.5 m (306 ft 8 in) from the bottom of the pedestal to the tip of the torch. The figure itself is 46.4 m (152 ft 2 in) high; the right arm is 12.8 m (42 ft) long; the hand is 5.03 m (16 ft 5 in) long; and the head, which is reachable by staircase or emergency lift, measures 8.5 m (28 ft) from neck to diadem and 3.05 m (10 ft) from ear to ear. The statue weighs 254 tonnes (250 tons).
Originally conceived as a gesture of international friendship, the statue has become a global symbol of freedom, marking he arrival of millions of immigrants to the United States.
The Eiffel Tower, rising in the twilight sky above Paris, was built for the World Fair of 1889. French engineer Gustave Eiffel designed it as a cross-braced latticed girder construction with minimum wind resistance. Built from over 6,300 metric tons of highest quality wrought iron, it is a masterpiece of 19th century technology.
The Great Wall of China
This massive construction was commenced in 214 B.C. by the Emperor Che Hwang-te, ‘the first universal emperor’. Che Hwang-te, one of China’s most powerful emperors came to the throne when he was 13 years old. He started the building of The Great Wall of China along the northern frontier of China to the most western province of Kan-suh, as a defence against the Heung-Noo tartars. He died before the wall was completed. With towers and forts at intervals, the Great Wall is more than 1400 miles long. Varing between 20 to 30 feet in height and is 25 feet broad.